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What Technologies are Available for Water Purification?

Water purification technology has advanced tremendously in the past few years, particularly in the area of home filtration systems. Here’s a brief look at some of the different methods of water purification available today.
The oldest of all methods is distillation which is still utilized today. The method emerged as a technology utilized in creation of beer. According to archeologists, alcohol distillers were found in excavations in south Asian countries. In simple terms, the process involves the following.

The liquid is vaporized by bringing it to boil. This vapor enters a tube whereby it cools down to become liquid again. The other contents that may be in the water mainly have higher boiling point than water and as a result, it remains in the first pot.

When using this method, all the minerals are left down at the first pot. It has been learned that for drinking purposes, de-mineralization and acid pH levels are not healthy.
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Advancements in water purification technology have aimed at removing chemical and biological contaminants, without destroying the natural mineral content and pH level.
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Despite the fact that reverse osmosis has been in existence for 50 years it is considered to be one of the latest technologies. This method is however specifically designed for use in large scale treatment facilities. This method was popularized in 1970 as one of the safest method of water purification by homes.

Moreover the method was popularized because it involved salt removal. In coastal areas and island communities, this is an important and desirable feature. The method majorly worked by forcing liquid to pass through a porous membrane just like osmosis. The size of the pores determines what is removed and what travels through.
The other method of purifying water is known as the RO. The system however, has several other disadvantages.

This method creates wastewater that cannot be used for any other purpose. The other disadvantage is that this method requires a lot of electrical energy.

There are various other advancements that are used to remove all the threats not eliminated by the other technologies. Before adopting a method, one should study all those presented above.

Lets take an example of carbon filtration that is used nowadays to purify water. The output of this process is safer to drink because all the chemicals and other contaminants stick on the filter. This method also removes odor and improves taste. All the water purifiers found in our home utilize this technology.

The methods listed above are some of the technologies utilized in home purification. It would be impossible in an article of this length to cover the subject in its entirety, but hopefully, you are now a little more informed.